Nunavik North of 60°
Discussions and exhibitions of art by Inuit from Nunavik are usually focused on the larger communities of Inukjuak and Puvirnituq. Responding to this trend, Nunavik North of 60° draws deserved attention to sculpture created in several of the smaller Inuit communities located above the 60th parallel on the Ungava Peninsula in the region of Nunavik, Northern Quebec.
Carvers who originally lived in camps near Inukjuak and Puvirnituq were the first to create sculpture for export to southern markets in the early 1950s. This is now considered the beginning of “contemporary” Inuit art and a carving industry in the Canadian Arctic which was gradually extended to other areas. That artistic expansion included the small, more northerly Nunavik communities of Salluit, Ivujivik, Kangirsuk, Kangiqsujuaq, and Akulivik. Drawing upon the Winnipeg Art Gallery’s renowned Inuit art collection, Nunavik North of 60° features many treasures from these lesser-known communities. The exhibition is an excellent opportunity to see works that are not exhibited as often or are as well known as those from larger artistic centres such as Cape Dorset and Baker Lake.
Nunavik North of 60° exhibits sculptures dating from the mid-1950s to the early 2000s, by 26 male and female carvers from all the small, northerly communities in Nunavik. One of the best-known artists in the exhibition is Mattiusi Iyaituk (b. 1950) from Ivujivik, represented by the innovative sculpture Old Qulliq Being Carried by a Woman (2000). Thomassie Kudluk from Kangirsuk (1910–1989) is also well-known, notably for his idiosyncratic carvings that communicate to the viewer through syllabic inscriptions. Makusikalla Qullialu (1930–1989) is lesser known, but his large sculpture Caribou and Otter (c. 1970) demonstrates his talent in this moving, anthropomorphic interpretation.
Artists: Akulivik: Makusi Anauta, Johnny Kakutuk, Nowya Qinuajua. Makusikalla Aliqu Qullialu. Ivujivik: Mosusie Uniurtitak Ainalik, Siaja Quarak Ainalik, Mattiusi Iyaituk, Tivi Paningajak, Charlie Saviajuk Usuarjuk. Kangiqsujuaq: Jobie Arnaituq, Tuukak Kiatainak, Mitiarjuk Nappaaluk, Johnny Pilurtuut, Alacie Sakiagaq. Kangirsuk: Annie Eetook, Josephie Eetook, Jonassie Kudluk (attrib), Thomassie Kudluk, Lucassie Lucassie, Unidentified artist. Salluit: Tivi Illisituk, George Kopak Tayarak, Maggie Ittuvik Tayarak, Unidentified artist.
Curator: Darlene Coward Wight, Curator, Inuit Art, Winnipeg Art Gallery
• 45 sculptures (stone, whale bone, ivory), mounts, and risers
• supporting materials: bilingual (English and French) introductory panels; 5 didactic panels for each of 5 communities and 1 smaller panel for Thomassie Kudluk; map of the Canadian Arctic; labels for all artworks, with extended text for many works. All texts provided by electronic files.
• website courtesy of Inuit Art Foundation (under development)
• packing and crating
Requirements of host institution:
• approximately 144 running, 1,900 sq. feet
• covered and secured vitrines for sculpture
Environment and security requirements:
• relative Humidity: 50% fluctuations less than +/- 5% RH in 24 hours
• temperature: 20º C with fluctuations not to exceed 2ºC in 24 hours
• light levels 150 lux maximum
• security: constant surveillance when open to the public; security alarm system in use when closed to the public
Host venue length: 12 weeks
Tour Schedule: Available Summer 2011 to Winter 2014
click here for the Nunavik North of 60 website created by the Inuit Art Foundation
For more information contact:
Helen Delacretaz, Chief Curator
Winnipeg Art Gallery